There are ways to reduce the appearance of varicose veins and to prevent more from appearing. The goal of the combination of the different treatments should be to reduce the symptoms and improve the appearance of the individual.
Medical Procedures for Varicose Veins
While varicose veins might be a cosmetic problem for most people, some individuals experience symptoms that interfere with their routine; such as, swelling, pain, heaviness, throbbing legs, cramps, and itchy legs. They are also common among the elderly and the pregnant women.
Medical procedures for varicose veins aim to reduce the inflammation caused by the loss of the natural elasticity of the veins. Some procedures will remove or close the veins that cause problems in the blood flow, but you have to visit only a licensed doctor to prevent any complications.
The following are the most common medical procedures for varicose veins:
- Sclerotherapy – The procedure involves the injection of a chemical into the veins to close them off. However, this is only recommended for mild to moderate cases.
- Laser Surgery – The doctor uses laser on the varicose veins so that they fade. If you don’t like the idea of injections and cutting some veins, this procedure is the one for you.
- Microsclerotherapy – This procedure is recommended for individuals with spider veins. The doctor will inject a small amount of chemical that will scar the inner lining of the veins, resulting in the closing off of the small varicose veins.
- Endoscopic Vein Surgery – A tube with a tiny camera is inserted into the varicose vein, while a surgical device at its tip will close up the vein. This procedure, however, is recommended only for severe cases, especially on veins that cause sores on the surface.
- Endovenous Ablation Therapy – The doctor will utilize radiowaves or laser to produce heat that will pass through a small tube attached to the varicose veins. The temperature will help close up the veins.
- Vein Stripping and Ligation – This procedure is recommended for severe cases and will tie up and remove the veins.
- Ambulatory Phlebectomy – Small cuts are made in the skin to remove the small varicose veins close to the surface. Recovery time is fast and there are almost no complications.
Changing Your Lifestyle and Habits
To ease some of the symptoms, you need to make changes in your diet, exercise, and routine.
The doctor might recommend that you wear compression stockings to help with the blood circulation, but use only the type that is appropriate for your condition.
Avoid sitting or standing for prolonged periods, so you should take some time to stretch and walk around at work during breaks. While resting, you should elevate your legs to ease the circulation and avoid wearing tight clothing or shoes.
Exercise regularly and lose excess weight to ease off the pressure in your legs. A healthy diet can also help if you choose food with anti-inflammatory properties. Avoid food that are high in sugar, trans fat, caffeine, alcohol, and sodium. Instead, your plate should consist of fruits, vegetables, legumes, grains, and fish and other seafood.