What is Celiac Disease?

Celiac disease is a disorder characterized by sensitivity to gluten. Children and adults are common victims of this disease but it can affect people of all ages. Because of the allergic reaction to gluten (protein found in wheat, barley and rye), the inner lining of the small intestine is inflamed. There is no known cure for this chronic digestive disorder but we can start by eliminating gluten in our diet. We should be familiar with celiac disease because we might have it but we just don’t pay attention to it. Here are the things we need to know about this disorder:

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Symptoms

Celiac disease can be mild or severe. Whatever the case, patients usually suffer from diarrhea, abdominal pains, feeling of hunger, mouth sores, malnutrition, muscle pains, rashes, nose bleeding, nausea, throwing up, weight loss, etc.

There are times that people never experience the symptoms of celiac disease. They will only suffer anemia, fatigue, excess gas, swelling up and abdominal discomfort which they don’t associate with celiac disease or gluten sensitivity.

Diagnosis

There are many symptoms involved that is why it cannot be easily determined without taking proper tests. Sometimes symptoms of celiac disease are also symptoms for other digestive disorder. There is no way of knowing except blood tests and small intestinal biopsy.

Treatment

As mentioned earlier, we should eliminate gluten in our diet but sometimes it is hard to do. The best thing that we can do is always look for the label “gluten free”. We should be aware of the food content to be sure and safe. Generally, we should avoid milk, oats, cereals, beer, processed foods (containing gluten) and foods prepared from wheat, barley and rye (like cakes, cookies, crackers, pastas and breads).

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