How to Teach Your Kids Proper Hygiene

Personal hygiene should be taught first at home not only because it will speak volumes of your own hygiene, but it will help your kids avoid hygiene-related illnesses. Explaining hygiene, however, can be tricky especially when kids love to put things in their mouth, explore, run, climb, and just touch everything they see interesting.

Make bath time fun. The prospect of washing should not be terrifying for a child, so make it a pleasant experience every time. You can use bath toys or fill a small tub where they can soak it to make it fun. It’s also important to teach them how to wash different parts of the body because some parts like the neck, armpits, back, and feet are often overlooked. You can also show them how to clean their hair by encouraging them to wash their doll’s hair.

Check their teeth. Show your child how to do it properly by brushing together. You can also encourage them to care for their teeth by showing pictures or watching fun videos about dental health. By the time the child is about 8 years, he/she should be able to perform the task without your assistance.

Encourage regular handwashing. This is the most basic of good hygiene habits and must be taught to toddlers. Tell them that is okay for them to play on the dirt or explore outdoors or use the bathroom as long as they wash their hands after and wash it again before they pick up food. using a hand sanitizer or alcohol might not be enough to get rid of the caked dirt.

Teach them about sneezing and coughing etiquette. There is a proper way to wipe the nose and to cough without passing your germs. Show them that it is good practice to cover one’s mouth and nose when sneezing and coughing. If they do not have a tissue, they can also cough or sneeze into their sleeve. It’s better than covering with their bare hands because then they will need to wash it.

Teach them to handle food properly even if they can’t cook yet. Remind your kids about the proper way of handling food when you’re not around to assist them. Basic food hygiene include washing hands before handling food, covering their mouth and nose to avoid contaminating food with droplets, using a clean cloth to wipe stains, and storing food after a meal.

Make sure they know proper toilet habits. Toddlers should at least be taught basic toilet habits such as washing hands so that potty training is easy. You would not want your child getting humiliated for still pooping in their undies when they begin school.

Set a self-care routine. Bathing, brushing the teeth, using the toilet, and preparing or storing food should be part of the routine. These are lifelong skills that will get them far when they are adults but are often overlooked today by overprotective parents. Consistency and practice build character and confidence, but leading by example is much better especially for other tasks like trimming nails, combing/brushing hair, using body products, handling dirty clothes, and keeping a clean home.

A Guide to Different Lipstick Types

Not all lipsticks are made equal. There are hundreds of varieties for every mood, theme, and characteristics for your every need. So, how do you pick from so many choices? Let’s look at the most common types of lipsticks you’ll find in shops in Singapore.

Matte

This type of lipstick has low moisture content and shine-free. Matte is perfect for you if you don’t like the glossy finish of a lipstick but love the smooth and even texture, pure color, and younger-looking lips. You need to have at least one matte lipstick because it can be worn for various occasions.

Sheer

Often confused with cream lipsticks, sheer or satin lipstick has a high oil content and less wax which means it is a good choice for those who need to wear makeup daily. It will not dry out easily and even has moisturizing qualities, but you need to reapply a sheer lipstick after a few hours because it does not stay long.

Cream

Slightly similar to sheer, cream is much easier to apply because it glides on your lips. Cream lipstick has a higher wax content, which means that it can stay on four hours. It also usually contains nourishing ingredients.

Pearl

Sometimes labeled frosted, pearl lipstick has a sparkly, glistening effect that will make lights reflect off your lips. You need to apply a moisturizer first before applying a pearl lipstick because they can cause the lips to dry.

Gloss

If you love eye-catching colors and finish, then this is the one for you. It is perfect for going to parties, nighttime events, and classic daytime look. Choose a gloss lipstick that is lightweight if you want to use something outdoors especially during hot days.

Stain

Almost similar to matte, this type of lipstick has little to no shine. They are for people who like only the color or those who want to layer colors.

Metallic

Also called glitter, metallic lipsticks are for those who like matte lipstick but want bolder colors. They are highly pigmented but are creamy and have minimal shimmer. The effect is a rich color that will make your lips looks like jewels.

Lustre

If you’re a fan of MAC products, you will find lipsticks labeled under this. It is for those who like the sheer finish but want better coverage, moisturizing qualities, and higher pigmentation. The only issue with this is that you need to reapply them after a few hours.

High Shine

Do you hate the stickiness of glossy lipsticks but you like the finish? High shine has a super shiny effect because of its emollient base and fine shimmer characteristics. They are also ultra hydrating, more pigmented, buildable, and will not easily fade.

Moisturizing

This lipstick contains hydrating and moisturizing ingredients to keep your lips soft and smooth. They have a shiny or wet finish.

Long Wearing

If you don’t want the hassle of reapplying your lipstick, a long-wearing transfer resistant variety is for you. They usually stay on for eight hours and more.

Why Do Some People Prefer Drinking Warm Water?

You always hear that people should drink 8 glasses of water a day. If you practice that already, you may already understand how healthy it can be. But if you observe, you’ll actually find that there are others who prefer drinking hot water. How different is it and are there any benefits? Here are some reasons why people prefer drinking warm water and maybe you’ll be convinced to do it too.

1.  Can still rehydrate you even in hot weather

The hot climate in Singapore will, of course, leave you looking for something cold to drink and cold water is very accessible. But drinking warm water may have its benefits as well. For one, our body doesn’t have to adjust to the temperature of the cold water. When it’s hot outside and you drink cold water, your body will have to take more energy to convert the cold water down to a temperature the body can adjust to.

2.  Improves digestion

One great benefit of drinking warm water is that it aids our digestion. This has something to do with the point above. Our body temperature does not have to adjust drastically to warm water compared to cold water. So when we drink warm water, it can help our stomach break down food a lot faster. It can also keep the blood vessels in our digestive system more active overall.

3.  It can also improve circulation

When we drink warm water, our blood circulation briefly improves. This is because warm water can make our blood vessels expand. That means it’s easier for the blood to circulate throughout the organs and around the body.

4.  Can help cleanse the body

Another advantage of drinking warm water is that it helps our internal body temperature rise temporarily. At this time, you can expect to release a decent amount of sweat. That can help eliminate any excess toxins still left in the skin or the body.

5.  Helps you get a deeper and better-quality sleep

Warm water also has a calming effect on our nerves, which then makes it easier for us to relax. That simply means it will help us get to sleep faster. Not only that, because our nervous system isn’t on high alert, we can enjoy a deeper sleep. So, if you’re one of the many Singaporeans who have difficulty sleeping, this might just be for you. 

6.  Makes you feel less pain

The above mentioned about warm water aiding circulation is also connected to how it helps reduce pain. Drinking warm water can help alleviate muscle aches, for example, because it allows our blood to travel through the muscle tissues faster. In addition to that, the calming effects and also ease the tension around the muscle.

Self-Discovery in Singapore

Singapore has been known to be one of the busiest countries in Asia but is it possible to find solace in a place deemed as way too career oriented? Friendship, purpose, love, and even self-discovery are questions not frequently asked when it comes to Singapore but this is why these questions need to be addressed. Being raised in Singapore means you are already used to the competitive lifestyle as perfection turns into the definition of success as the culture demands high grades and perfect performance from residents as young as five years old.

Tutorials have become a daily routine as people strive for that perfect GPA and overtime has become just another regular day at the office. Does Singapore seem like a place that kills your spirit? Well, think again! One of my favourite experiences in Singapore walking around slow placed doing the exact opposite of what most Singaporeans do. Most Singaporeans seem as if they want to get to where they’re going as soon as possible.

The most attractive word for most Singaporeans is “efficiency” which may be a dreadful word for the freethinkers of this world who like to grasp everything around them but do we really have to fear that specific word? Go to Singapore and take a look around as people are pouring their lives into the pursuit of success and although it may differ to self-discovery, it is actually the same thing as they are also chasing after something.

There are two major beliefs of life, existentialism and essentialism. Existentialism is the belief that we are born without purpose and though it may seem quite negative, it is actually a very comforting belief as it prompts us to create meaning of our own. You see, existentialism looks as life as a blank canvas and our actions as the paintbrush, existentialism teaches us the value of our actions. Essentialism on the other hand believes that the point of life is to find the meaning or calling of life which was already there for you from the start.

Why is knowing these two different beliefs important? Because they shape your perspective on Singapore. Are you planning to go to Singapore to find yourself or to build yourself? Imagine a busy crowd, would you strive to walk faster towards their direction or would you go against the flow and make your own path? Singapore is the land of opportunity. Now, once again, will you find yourself? Or will you build yourself.

The Subtlety Beauty of Wood Carving and Why You Should Try It

You’re just walking around Singapore and suddenly find yourself in front of a woodcrafts shop. You check inside and consider picking up wood carving as a hobby. Though wood carving attracts the attention of only a few people, it definitely has a therapeutic feel to it. If you want to inspire your inner craftsman, read on!

Wood carving is for anyone

The best thing about wood carving is that it requires nothing from you. You don’t have to earn a degree or be physically active. The only things you really need are the tools for carving and the willingness to learn. Learning just the basics can take you far already. This is also the beauty of working with wood. Because it’s an element of nature, you can be confident that you can just carve it and create something good. Even making a spoon (usually the first you learn to make) can be very satisfying in the end.

Working with wood

Let’s segue for a bit to the beauty of working with wood as mentioned in the first point. The thing about wood is that it’s sentimental. Unlike plastic and metal, wood grows old just like us. When you carve something out of wood, it has a certain romanticism to it. You have the memory of creating something, and as you get old, it also changes with you. It’s quite a beautiful sentiment really.

It’s just like meditation

One common impression regarding wood carving is that it’s meditative. Just like pottery and other similar forms of art. And it really is very much that way. Carving takes a considerable amount of focus and mindfulness, especially because you’re holding a sharp tool. When you get into the process and start carving, it can be easy to lose yourself in the moment. Whenever you’re feeling stressed, turn to wood carving!

You’re playing your part in helping the environment

Some may think that it’s counterintuitive. You’re cutting down wood to carve, how can you save the environment? That’s not exactly the case though. You can make a variety of carvings even with just one trunk. And it also doesn’t mean that a tree is always being cut down. Some carvers even just buy waste wood from furniture makers. That way nothing is wasted! Plus, making wooden utensils leaves almost no carbon footprint.

Don’t be afraid to try it out

We’re all looking for something we’ll love doing. And you won’t be able to find yours if you’re not willing to try things out. If you find wood carving the perfect hobby for you, then awesome! If you think it’s not really interesting, no problem. At least you’ve experienced it and you’ve learned something.

6 Ways to Give Healthy Criticism

No matter where you work in Singapore, you’ll never see a person who likes being criticized. The thing is though, feedback and criticism are important for growth whether it be professional or personal. That’s why it is important to come up with ways to give healthy and constructive criticism. Let’s just straight into it!

Do it privately

There’s really no exception to the statement that nobody likes to be criticized in public. When a person feels embarrassed or humiliated, it will be quite hard for him/her to simply take it as just a simple mistake to correct. Of course, that’s not what you want if you’re aiming to provide healthy criticism. Find time to talk to the other person in private. Your criticism will have more value that way.

Use the Feedback Sandwich

The feedback sandwich is basically positive-negative-positive. First, you start off by saying the admirable things that the other person has done. Then, you go and provide the criticism; what’s wrong, what mistakes the other person is making, and how to improve. Lastly, round it out by reemphasizing the positives you mentioned earlier as well as the positives you expect after providing the criticism.

Avoid being vague

Giving vague feedback will only end up confusing the other person as to what he/she did wrong. You’ll make it much easier for yourself and the other person by simply being specific. When you’re being specific, you can immediately give the other person actionable feedback. “Make an outline focusing on the sales for this project” is better than “make a presentation for this business plan”.

Don’t make it personal

Let’s say you have a certain co-worker who you don’t exactly see eye to eye with. If he makes a mistake, try your best to avoid giving criticism that’s too personal. When giving feedback, target the situation itself and not the person. It will be hard to resist the temptation especially if you hate the other person. But that will only lead to more problems in the future. We’re not aiming for toxic workplace culture here!

Give recommendations

Though it’s good that the other person gets your feedback, it would be much more helpful if you can give him recommendations as well. Offer some advice on what he can improve or what he can specifically do to get the right things done. There are still chances wherein he’ll just hear out your feedback and not do anything about it. Giving recommendations allows the other person to take action himself.

Just be kind

It’s pretty obvious that you won’t be able to provide healthy criticism if you’re being hostile towards the other person. People already have a hard-enough time accepting even light criticism. If you come at them harshly, they’ll only beat themselves up even more. So try to always maintain a positive and respectful tone.

What You Need to Know Before Adopting a Doberman

The Doberman pinscher is a majestic-looking dog, but because they are always portrayed as evil dogs in movies, they have a bad reputation among non-dog lovers. How do you know if your family is ready to raise this beautiful breed? Below are facts you need to remember before adopting a Doberman pinscher.

They were bred as companions

These smart dogs were originally bred as guard dogs and loyal companions. Their name is taken from a tax collector who went around, well, collecting taxes. The dog was supposed to protect him and look intimidating to people, but also act as a loyal friend at home. So if the Doberman looks scary to you, they were meant to look that way.

They were also used as fighters

One of their negative reputation comes from being bread as dog fighters, but again the problem is not with the breed but how they were abused over the years because of their looks. Some owners choose to have the dog’s tail docked and the ears clipped to make them look even more sinister, but these are unnecessary. Other breeders argue that the clipping of the ears is supposed to prevent infections, but this is false. Like pitbulls and German shepherds they are one of the most misunderstood breeds, so be ready to hear negative comments from people.

They are intelligent dogs

They are among the smartest dog breeds in the world, which means they can be trained. It is recommended that you sign up your dog for an obedience training while still young, so they do not get bored. Regular exercise and walks to the park are recommended for this breed. Socializing and training are a must for any active and intelligent breed to avoid behavior problems.

They are sensitive to the cold

The breed generally has little body fat, which means that they can get cold easily. They are ideal for the weather in Singapore and can live in air-conditioned apartments. If you notice your dog is getting cold, you can make it wear a dog sweater to help them keep a normal body temperature.

They are good family dogs

Despite their reputation, they are fiercely loyal companions. To avoid problems with children and other animals, you need to socialize your dog while still young. Not only will you have an excellent guard dog, but a loyal family member, too.

They are prone to various health issues Irresponsible breeding has led to plenty of health problems especially in purebred Doberman pinschers. If you can, you should adopt from rescue centers instead of buying from a shady breeder or pet shop. You should also be financially capable in addressing any health issue that come with the breed. Some of the most common problems include Wobbler’s syndrome, hip dysplasia, von Willebrand’s diseases, and eye diseases.

The Art of Drinking Kahlua

Flavored liqueurs are quite interesting because of the variety of fruits, herbs, spices, and roots that are used to create different flavors and aroma. But what’s interesting about kahlua is that it adds the flavor one of the most popular beverages in the world.

How Kahlua is Made

Kahlua was introduced in 1936 and was originally made in Mexico. It is a coffee-flavored liqueur that includes Mexican coffee, vodka, rum, corn syrup, and sugar. Its name is taken from the Nahuatl name for house of the Acolhua people. The process of making kahlua is tedious because you will need 7 years including its aging. You can also make homemade kahlua with sugar, vanilla beans, instant coffee, vodka and water. It’s not as good as bottled kahlua but it’s nearly there.

Kahlua and Food Pairings

Kahlua has a distinct sweet coffee flavor that is why even if you do not pair it with food, you will often see this in cocktails, frozen drinks, and desserts. When pairing with food, remember that a sweet beverage and a sweet dish can make one of them taste bitter or dry.

This is why straight kahlua or kahlua cocktails are best paired with spiced dishes to counter the heat from the food, smoky and meaty dishes to balance the differences in the flavors, and savory umami-flavored dishes to complement the earthy flavors of kahlua. Of course, do not forget the classic coffee and chocolate pairing. You can pair your kahlua cocktail with a slice of chocolate cake or a bar of your favorite dark chocolate brand.

No-Bake Kahlua Chocolate Cake

If you want to enjoy coffee-flavored liqueur and chocolate even more, try this ultimate recipe with two of the best things in the world.

Filling: 2 tablespoons kahlua, 12 ounces evaporated milk, 2 egg yolks, 1 teaspoon vanilla extract, 1 teaspoon ground cinnamon, 2 cups semi-sweet chocolate morsels, and raspberries

Pie Crust: 5 tablespoons softened unsalted butter and 30 chocolate cookie wafers

Preparation: To make the filling, whisk egg yolks and milk in a saucepan over medium heat. Stir continuously until sauce thickens, then remove from heat and stir in cinnamon, chocolate morsels, vanilla, and kahlua. Stir until the ingredients are melted and consistency is smooth. To make the crust, process cookies in a food processor then add butter. Pour crumbs into a pie plate and press firmly. Pour filling into the crust and refrigerate for at least 3 hours. Serve with raspberry toppings.

Kahlua Cocktails You Must Try

  • Kahlua Hot Chocolate: 1 part kahlua, 5 parts hot chocolate, and 1 tablespoons whipped cream for topping
  • Coffee Martini: 1 part kahlua, 2 parts vodka, and 1 part chocolate liqueur
  • B52: equal parts of layered kahlua, orange liqueur, and Irish cream liqueur
  • T-52: layered ½ ounce kahlua, ½ ounce Grand Marnier, and ½ ounce tequila strawberry cream liqueur
  • Dirty Banana: ¾ ounce kahlua, 1 ½ ounces white rum, ¾ ounce banana-flavored liqueur, 1 ounce whole milk, 1 ounce light cream, ½ cup ice, and 1 ripe banana

Cockroach: 1 part kahlua and 1.5 parts tequila

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