How to Teach Your Kids Proper Hygiene

Personal hygiene should be taught first at home not only because it will speak volumes of your own hygiene, but it will help your kids avoid hygiene-related illnesses. Explaining hygiene, however, can be tricky especially when kids love to put things in their mouth, explore, run, climb, and just touch everything they see interesting.

Make bath time fun. The prospect of washing should not be terrifying for a child, so make it a pleasant experience every time. You can use bath toys or fill a small tub where they can soak it to make it fun. It’s also important to teach them how to wash different parts of the body because some parts like the neck, armpits, back, and feet are often overlooked. You can also show them how to clean their hair by encouraging them to wash their doll’s hair.

Check their teeth. Show your child how to do it properly by brushing together. You can also encourage them to care for their teeth by showing pictures or watching fun videos about dental health. By the time the child is about 8 years, he/she should be able to perform the task without your assistance.

Encourage regular handwashing. This is the most basic of good hygiene habits and must be taught to toddlers. Tell them that is okay for them to play on the dirt or explore outdoors or use the bathroom as long as they wash their hands after and wash it again before they pick up food. using a hand sanitizer or alcohol might not be enough to get rid of the caked dirt.

Teach them about sneezing and coughing etiquette. There is a proper way to wipe the nose and to cough without passing your germs. Show them that it is good practice to cover one’s mouth and nose when sneezing and coughing. If they do not have a tissue, they can also cough or sneeze into their sleeve. It’s better than covering with their bare hands because then they will need to wash it.

Teach them to handle food properly even if they can’t cook yet. Remind your kids about the proper way of handling food when you’re not around to assist them. Basic food hygiene include washing hands before handling food, covering their mouth and nose to avoid contaminating food with droplets, using a clean cloth to wipe stains, and storing food after a meal.

Make sure they know proper toilet habits. Toddlers should at least be taught basic toilet habits such as washing hands so that potty training is easy. You would not want your child getting humiliated for still pooping in their undies when they begin school.

Set a self-care routine. Bathing, brushing the teeth, using the toilet, and preparing or storing food should be part of the routine. These are lifelong skills that will get them far when they are adults but are often overlooked today by overprotective parents. Consistency and practice build character and confidence, but leading by example is much better especially for other tasks like trimming nails, combing/brushing hair, using body products, handling dirty clothes, and keeping a clean home.

A Guide to Different Lipstick Types

Not all lipsticks are made equal. There are hundreds of varieties for every mood, theme, and characteristics for your every need. So, how do you pick from so many choices? Let’s look at the most common types of lipsticks you’ll find in shops in Singapore.


This type of lipstick has low moisture content and shine-free. Matte is perfect for you if you don’t like the glossy finish of a lipstick but love the smooth and even texture, pure color, and younger-looking lips. You need to have at least one matte lipstick because it can be worn for various occasions.


Often confused with cream lipsticks, sheer or satin lipstick has a high oil content and less wax which means it is a good choice for those who need to wear makeup daily. It will not dry out easily and even has moisturizing qualities, but you need to reapply a sheer lipstick after a few hours because it does not stay long.


Slightly similar to sheer, cream is much easier to apply because it glides on your lips. Cream lipstick has a higher wax content, which means that it can stay on four hours. It also usually contains nourishing ingredients.


Sometimes labeled frosted, pearl lipstick has a sparkly, glistening effect that will make lights reflect off your lips. You need to apply a moisturizer first before applying a pearl lipstick because they can cause the lips to dry.


If you love eye-catching colors and finish, then this is the one for you. It is perfect for going to parties, nighttime events, and classic daytime look. Choose a gloss lipstick that is lightweight if you want to use something outdoors especially during hot days.


Almost similar to matte, this type of lipstick has little to no shine. They are for people who like only the color or those who want to layer colors.


Also called glitter, metallic lipsticks are for those who like matte lipstick but want bolder colors. They are highly pigmented but are creamy and have minimal shimmer. The effect is a rich color that will make your lips looks like jewels.


If you’re a fan of MAC products, you will find lipsticks labeled under this. It is for those who like the sheer finish but want better coverage, moisturizing qualities, and higher pigmentation. The only issue with this is that you need to reapply them after a few hours.

High Shine

Do you hate the stickiness of glossy lipsticks but you like the finish? High shine has a super shiny effect because of its emollient base and fine shimmer characteristics. They are also ultra hydrating, more pigmented, buildable, and will not easily fade.


This lipstick contains hydrating and moisturizing ingredients to keep your lips soft and smooth. They have a shiny or wet finish.

Long Wearing

If you don’t want the hassle of reapplying your lipstick, a long-wearing transfer resistant variety is for you. They usually stay on for eight hours and more.

Why Do Some People Prefer Drinking Warm Water?

You always hear that people should drink 8 glasses of water a day. If you practice that already, you may already understand how healthy it can be. But if you observe, you’ll actually find that there are others who prefer drinking hot water. How different is it and are there any benefits? Here are some reasons why people prefer drinking warm water and maybe you’ll be convinced to do it too.

1.  Can still rehydrate you even in hot weather

The hot climate in Singapore will, of course, leave you looking for something cold to drink and cold water is very accessible. But drinking warm water may have its benefits as well. For one, our body doesn’t have to adjust to the temperature of the cold water. When it’s hot outside and you drink cold water, your body will have to take more energy to convert the cold water down to a temperature the body can adjust to.

2.  Improves digestion

One great benefit of drinking warm water is that it aids our digestion. This has something to do with the point above. Our body temperature does not have to adjust drastically to warm water compared to cold water. So when we drink warm water, it can help our stomach break down food a lot faster. It can also keep the blood vessels in our digestive system more active overall.

3.  It can also improve circulation

When we drink warm water, our blood circulation briefly improves. This is because warm water can make our blood vessels expand. That means it’s easier for the blood to circulate throughout the organs and around the body.

4.  Can help cleanse the body

Another advantage of drinking warm water is that it helps our internal body temperature rise temporarily. At this time, you can expect to release a decent amount of sweat. That can help eliminate any excess toxins still left in the skin or the body.

5.  Helps you get a deeper and better-quality sleep

Warm water also has a calming effect on our nerves, which then makes it easier for us to relax. That simply means it will help us get to sleep faster. Not only that, because our nervous system isn’t on high alert, we can enjoy a deeper sleep. So, if you’re one of the many Singaporeans who have difficulty sleeping, this might just be for you. 

6.  Makes you feel less pain

The above mentioned about warm water aiding circulation is also connected to how it helps reduce pain. Drinking warm water can help alleviate muscle aches, for example, because it allows our blood to travel through the muscle tissues faster. In addition to that, the calming effects and also ease the tension around the muscle.

The Subtlety Beauty of Wood Carving and Why You Should Try It

You’re just walking around Singapore and suddenly find yourself in front of a woodcrafts shop. You check inside and consider picking up wood carving as a hobby. Though wood carving attracts the attention of only a few people, it definitely has a therapeutic feel to it. If you want to inspire your inner craftsman, read on!

Wood carving is for anyone

The best thing about wood carving is that it requires nothing from you. You don’t have to earn a degree or be physically active. The only things you really need are the tools for carving and the willingness to learn. Learning just the basics can take you far already. This is also the beauty of working with wood. Because it’s an element of nature, you can be confident that you can just carve it and create something good. Even making a spoon (usually the first you learn to make) can be very satisfying in the end.

Working with wood

Let’s segue for a bit to the beauty of working with wood as mentioned in the first point. The thing about wood is that it’s sentimental. Unlike plastic and metal, wood grows old just like us. When you carve something out of wood, it has a certain romanticism to it. You have the memory of creating something, and as you get old, it also changes with you. It’s quite a beautiful sentiment really.

It’s just like meditation

One common impression regarding wood carving is that it’s meditative. Just like pottery and other similar forms of art. And it really is very much that way. Carving takes a considerable amount of focus and mindfulness, especially because you’re holding a sharp tool. When you get into the process and start carving, it can be easy to lose yourself in the moment. Whenever you’re feeling stressed, turn to wood carving!

You’re playing your part in helping the environment

Some may think that it’s counterintuitive. You’re cutting down wood to carve, how can you save the environment? That’s not exactly the case though. You can make a variety of carvings even with just one trunk. And it also doesn’t mean that a tree is always being cut down. Some carvers even just buy waste wood from furniture makers. That way nothing is wasted! Plus, making wooden utensils leaves almost no carbon footprint.

Don’t be afraid to try it out

We’re all looking for something we’ll love doing. And you won’t be able to find yours if you’re not willing to try things out. If you find wood carving the perfect hobby for you, then awesome! If you think it’s not really interesting, no problem. At least you’ve experienced it and you’ve learned something.

6 Ways to Give Healthy Criticism

No matter where you work in Singapore, you’ll never see a person who likes being criticized. The thing is though, feedback and criticism are important for growth whether it be professional or personal. That’s why it is important to come up with ways to give healthy and constructive criticism. Let’s just straight into it!

Do it privately

There’s really no exception to the statement that nobody likes to be criticized in public. When a person feels embarrassed or humiliated, it will be quite hard for him/her to simply take it as just a simple mistake to correct. Of course, that’s not what you want if you’re aiming to provide healthy criticism. Find time to talk to the other person in private. Your criticism will have more value that way.

Use the Feedback Sandwich

The feedback sandwich is basically positive-negative-positive. First, you start off by saying the admirable things that the other person has done. Then, you go and provide the criticism; what’s wrong, what mistakes the other person is making, and how to improve. Lastly, round it out by reemphasizing the positives you mentioned earlier as well as the positives you expect after providing the criticism.

Avoid being vague

Giving vague feedback will only end up confusing the other person as to what he/she did wrong. You’ll make it much easier for yourself and the other person by simply being specific. When you’re being specific, you can immediately give the other person actionable feedback. “Make an outline focusing on the sales for this project” is better than “make a presentation for this business plan”.

Don’t make it personal

Let’s say you have a certain co-worker who you don’t exactly see eye to eye with. If he makes a mistake, try your best to avoid giving criticism that’s too personal. When giving feedback, target the situation itself and not the person. It will be hard to resist the temptation especially if you hate the other person. But that will only lead to more problems in the future. We’re not aiming for toxic workplace culture here!

Give recommendations

Though it’s good that the other person gets your feedback, it would be much more helpful if you can give him recommendations as well. Offer some advice on what he can improve or what he can specifically do to get the right things done. There are still chances wherein he’ll just hear out your feedback and not do anything about it. Giving recommendations allows the other person to take action himself.

Just be kind

It’s pretty obvious that you won’t be able to provide healthy criticism if you’re being hostile towards the other person. People already have a hard-enough time accepting even light criticism. If you come at them harshly, they’ll only beat themselves up even more. So try to always maintain a positive and respectful tone.

4 ways to keep your bathroom clean

One important part of any household is the restroom. Its cleanliness makes it an important factor in the overall liveability of the house. If it isn’t tolerable, any house set up for approval of tenants or buyers is immediately disqualified. It just needs to be appealing, and more importantly, sanitary.

In our own homes, we go the extra mile just to keep our bathrooms squeaky clean as long as we can. We prolong its good and functional condition. But there are just some days when we find it difficult to maintain its fresh state.
So here are a few tips to help us keep our bathrooms clean:

1. Keep it just that – clean
For households with little kids, you might want to consider mopping the floors daily as the children could cause a raucous once in a few hours. They could leave mud prints and other marks from who knows where. So make sure to mop those floors daily. If you’re an empty nest family, you can forego this step to a weekly stint. When doing so, make sure to give extra attention to the floor around the toilet, toilet seat hinges and rim. As for the sink, keep it dry as often as you can. Get rid of stagnant water, toothpaste residue, spilled products and shed hair. Empty trash daily, and use disposable bags as lining in garbage bins.

2. Air the bathroom
After using, it’s a good move to air the bathroom by opening the door. This tip eases drying of the walls and floor, thus reducing the build up of unpleasant odors from mildew. It also wards off odors accumulated during use of the bathroom.

3. Set up mild scents
Mild scents are a good way to maintain the freshness of your bathroom. You might want to try putting up a basket of potpourri at one corner of the bath. Another scent could be achieved through preparing a mixture of rose petals, pine, spices and citrus peels in a container at one spot of the bathroom. Another option could be scented diffusers with fragrant essential oils. Long reeds basically absorb oil then release fragrance into the air.

4. Set up odor absorbers
If you want to just keep your bathroom neutral-smelling and clean, you can always set up odor absorbing stations inside. Prepare white vinegar or baking soda in a container and let it stand in a safe corner in the bathroom. If you don’t have access to both, you can also try activated carbon, and let it do its trick. Just follow the same procedure of preparation, you can also pick a container consistent with the interiors of your bathroom, and voila. You have an odor absorber that’s aesthetically functional.

4 Ways to Keep Your Car Smelling Clean

We all have that desire to keep our surroundings clean and pleasant to the nose. We do the extra mile in terms of washing and scrubbing, even doing it often to make sure no trace of dirt goes unnoticed. But sometimes you could only do so much, and cars go smelly at one point or another. Not only is this discouraging for people you welcome to your car, this also is unhealthy in the long run.

So to spare your ego of the bruise as well as your lungs of the unpleasant odor, here are a few tips to help you maintain the fresh smelling cleanliness your car deserves:

1. Avoid smoking in the car. This tip is literally good for the lungs. Not only does this help your car stay clean-smelling, it also helps keep your bronchioles healthy. Another harmful effect of smoking in the car is the higher chance of ruining your upholstery. It might damage the interior with the ash and heat it emits. So keep away from smoking inside your car. Or better yet, keep away from smoking altogether.

2. Keep windows closed. This tip not only wards off unpleasant odors from entering your car, it also seals in whatever cleanliness it has. It has a barrier for pollutants present in the environment. Mildew buildup from drops of liquid isn’t just smelly, it’s unhealthy too. So keep those windows up and you’re doing your car a favor.

3. Avoid littering. You might want to make sure those takeout boxes and bottles are out of the car by the end of the day. These smells can penetrate your car’s interior if they stay longer than necessary. Before parking your car for the night, place those trashes where they’re supposed to be. It only takes a few minutes to take the trash out, but it benefits your car much longer than that.

4. Use carriers for pets. If you’re one of those people who love to take their pets around with them, make sure not only are your pets happy, but your car as well. Keep them inside carriers so that their litters are tucked inside too. Pick those carriers with lips at the edges to ward off any spillage of urine or waste on the floor of your car.

These are only a few tips to help you get your car in excellent smelling condition for as long as it can. Cleanliness always works best when done in short intervals, but some low maintenance measures could also do wonders for your car. Keep it smelling clean and you’ll not only be a happy car owner, but a healthier one as well.

The Different Kinds of Coffee Brewing Equipment for Brewing Better Coffee

Coffee isn’t just black water with dissolved caffeine – there are a lot of good things that it has to offer. For one, it gives you that much-needed energy boost to stay awake. It’s also responsible for many health benefits that curb the risk of certain diseases as well as slow down cellular aging.

Another thing that makes coffee amazing is that you can prepare it in as many different ways as you want, and there are many different kinds of equipment that you can use to do so apart from your automated coffee maker. Here are a few for your consideration:

1. Coffee Filter
The coffee filter is a kind of strainer usually made from paper or fine wire mesh and is responsible for holding the coffee grounds while at the same time letting the water pass through.

While paper coffee filters are disposable, there are also ones made of fine wire mesh (usually made of stainless steel) that you can wash and use again. Depending on the type of coffee maker, the filter can either come in a basket or cone shape to fit the coffee maker.

2. Coffee Dripper
If you don’t have an automatic coffee maker at home, you will most likely encounter one of these, with your first impression of it being an odd-looking teacup.

Coffee drippers are typically made of ceramic, and are essentially what holds the coffee filter in place, which in turn holds the grounds in place. Ideally, the paper filter is fitted onto the dripper, which is made of ceramic, before the hot water is poured onto the coffee grounds.

3. Grinder
Roasted coffee beans are a wonderful sight to behold, but they need to be ground to a fine powder in order to get that sweet coffee drink going.

While many coffee grinders these days are electric (where electricity is used to spin the blades), you’re probably still familiar with a manual grinder, which requires you to turn a hand crank in order to turn the blades that will turn the coffee beans into powder.

4. Frother
Frothers are used primarily to make milk bubble and foam, which is what you will be needing if you want to make yourself a cup of your favorite caffeinated beverage, be it cappuccino, latte, Irish, or even Italian coffee.

There are several different types of milk frothers. Some are manual, which are designed with a hand pump on one end and a fine mesh screen on another. Other types are battery-operated, with small wire-whisks or battery-operated blades to make the milk foam and bubble.

(Disclaimer: This list is compiled in no particular order.)

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